Saturday, May 23, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1152 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2019/03/19 Category Society Essay Level High school Topics: Gun Control Essay Did you like this example? Growing up in Texas your first purchase as an Adult is either a truck or a firearm because its the Texan thing to do. Buying a gun in Texas is very a simple process. All you need is a valid State ID or Drivers License with your current address and no criminal history. The Federal Government requires a person to be eighteen and older to purchase a rifle or shotgun and twenty one to purchase a handgun. The Government does not have complete say over the states and lets them decide what requirements to enforce to purchase a firearm while using the age limits as a based guideline. For example, in the State of Illinois you are required to take a three week gun safety class in order to receive a license and be able to purchase. Once the gun is purchase you are then obligated to register with the State of Illinois. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Growing Up In Texas" essay for you Create order In Texas, you only require a valid ID or Drivers License and pass the National Instant Criminal Background Check. The background check can take anywhere from five minutes to up to seven days. Speeding up the background check is possible by inputting your social security number in as it is optional but it helps the system find you more quickly. Personally, it takes me ten minutes to do the background check and walk out with my firearm. I am sure you remember this most recent Senatorial election since you were involved. You voiced your thoughts and plans for more control in Texas. I believe that lead to loss in the election. Since Texan men and women love their guns as much as they love there moms. While some people believe that it is relatively easy to buy a gun in Texas, it really is not that way. Companies are now requiring that you take a special training class in order for you to sell. This training includes learning the parts of a firearm, how to break down a firearm, how to identify a straw purchase, and most importantly how to fill out the form 4473 which completes the firearm purchase. This training could be as short as a couple of days but as long has a couple of weeks. Companies train their employees this way so that they ensure that a firearm does not end up in the hands of someone who is prohibited from owning a firearm. Even though a training class to prevent this is mandatory. I do feel as if there should be an extra precaution in the re-sale aspect of firearms. Attempted straw purchases happen a majority if the time. A straw purchase is when someone purchases a gun for someone else who is not allowed to purchase or own firearms. A straw purchase is Third Degree Felony and is punishable crime of two-ten years in prison and a fine up to $10,000. Most people believe that this is the way criminals buy their guns but this is not completely true. Stricter gun laws in Texas isnt going to stop a criminal from getting his hands on a firearm. If a criminal wants a gun hes going to get in one way or another. Stricter gun laws is only punishing the responsible gun owners who solely have firearms for hunting and protection. I feel as if we should focus more on the illegal gun trades and illegal reselling of guns instead of upsetting the NRA. If we had the same gun laws as Illinois, it would only put a first time gun buyer at risk. For example, a mother of three kids trying to escape an abusive husband for the safety of her children and herself. She tries to buy a gun and takes a three week class just to get a permit to purchase and in the middle of the course her abusive ex husband finds her new house breaks in and kills her. Most people would say she should have called the police. She should have gotten the police involved, but knowing someone in that exact situation, I know the police only act if you have solid evidence and proof. The national average response time for a police call is eighteen minutes. Imagine the mother of three didnt have to take a three week course only to get a permit in order to purchase. She would have that firearm by her bedside with a round in the chamber and instead of having to wait eighteen minutes for the police to show up. She does what she has to do to protect her family and gets to spend the holidays with her three kids and her kids dont have to grow up with the memory of there mother being murdered by there father who sadly, might get off and have custody of them. Imagine how there lives would end up. People think that some dont need an AR-15 which stands for Armalite Rifle for home defense but here in the State of Texas you have the right to own for home defense. Which most Texans take advantage of and they sleep more at peace and feel more safe because of it. Unlike California, we have no restrictions on magazine capacity. We have no restrictions on how I can load and unload my rifle. If someone has the money and wants to buy a Barret M107 chambered in .50 Cal for home defense then by all means do so. The government should not be able to tell the people what they can and cant defend themselves, there family and property with. Gun confiscation is out the window as well. When the government attempts to try and pass a law to take away its citizens guns, that is when we should arm ourselves. Back in the days of the colonies the crown attempted to take our guns away in order to have complete control over us. In Germany in the mid 1930s Hitler also took his peoples guns away and look how well that turned out. The Founding Fathers knew that the citizens of this great Nation needed to be protected from a government that was trying to overstep its boundaries. In conclusion, if Texas had the same gun laws as California or Illinois it wouldnt be protecting people, it would be putting lives at risk. We as citizens have a right to defend ourselves and we have a right to bear arms. The second amendment to the Constitution was put in for a reason. If you believe that there needs to be stricter gun laws or no guns at all, have someone break into your house in the middle of the night while your family is sleeping and the only thing you have to defend yourself with is a bat. You lose your sense of security. I pray that doesnt happen to you, but until it does, keep thinking it is okay to try and limit our guns.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
History has provided immense details regarding wind turbines and how they produce electricity. History has even helped in learning that wind turbine helps in the production of energy and can help in decreasing the use of harmful fossil fuels that is used in electricity production and can change the field of energy by providing safe and environment friendly energy to consumers throughout the world. Body What Are Wind Turbines Used For The historical knowledge of wind turbine clearly states that wind turbine can be used for various tasks. For example wind turbines have been previously used for the purpose of draining Rhine Delta. But the main purpose due to which wind turbines are gaining popularity and have remained popular for several years is that wind turbines have the ability to generate electricity that is safe for the environment. In order to identify whether wind turbines produce eco-friendly energy or not, it is essential to understand how wind turbines work. How Wind Turbines Work The first step in the operation of wind turbine is the rotation of the rotor blades that are connected to the turbine and these blades rotate as wind passes through them. We will write a custom essay sample on Wind turbines or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Wind turbines can have more than one rotor blade attached to them and the diameter of these blades are around 30 to 80 meters. The length of the blades is very essential for production of more energy. The higher the length of these blades, the higher will be the production of energy. The movement of these blades is essential for the turning of a shaft that is located within the box that is attached on top of the wind turbine. The movement of these shafts is essential for the gearbox to work which is essential for the increase in the speed of the rotation of the blades. The box that is located above the tower eve comprises of a generator that is essential for the conversion of the energy of blade rotation into electricity (Energy. gov, 2015(a)). The wind turbine is connected with a transformer which is used to convert the electricity being generated into voltage that has been set to be distributed to the households and organizations that are connecte d with the national grid and the national grid is powered by the transformer. The blades of a turbine are connected to a tower this tower is at least 75 meters long and is placed in an upright position so more wind energy can be consumed. Wind turbines even comprise of a monitor that is useful for the detection of the speed as well as the direction in which the wind is blowing.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Chapter 7 Questions: 1. Who is Pammy? How does Gatsby react when he sees her? How does her existence complicate GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s dream? Pammy is the daughter of Daisy and Tom Buchanan. Gatsby looks at Pammy with surprise when he meets her, Tom and DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter. We will write a custom essay sample on F. Scott Fitzgerald and Gatsby S Business or any similar topic only for you Order Now He is hurt that Daisy has moved on in life without him, while he remains trapped in the love he has had for her all those years. Pammy is living proof, something you cannot undo, and that is why it hurts Gatsby. 2. How does Tom suddenly come to realize that Daisy loves Gatsby? How does he react? Tom suddenly comes to realize that Daisy loves Gatsby when before lunch Gatsby eyes and DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes meet, and Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ stare at each other, alone in space. Ã¢â¬ Tom realizes that they love each other. Their eyes reveal this to him. Tom reacts in shock and did not say anything. He opened his mouth, looked at Gatsby, then back to Daisy as if in disbelief. 3. What important discovery does Wilson make in this chapter? How does he react? Wilson discovers that his wife had an affair. He believes that Myrtle is unworthy. He needs money so he can go out West. 4. What things has Tom discovered about GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s business dealings? Tom perceives Gatsby as a low-class hustler, a bootlegger who will never be able to distance himself from his past. In TomÃ¢â¬â¢s selective mind, Gatsby is common and therefore his existence is meaningless. He comes from ordinary roots and can never change that. The illusion of Jay Gatsby comes tumbling down. In all of GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s years of dreaming, he never once suspected that he might not have his way. He is no longer able to define himself because the dream defined him and now the dream is gone. 5. Why was Myrtle running towards GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s car? Who was driving the car that hit Myrtle Wilson? Who does Tom think was driving? Myrtle was running away from her husband because he would not let her go. Daisy was driving the car that hit Myrtle Wilson. Tom thought that Gatsby was driving the car. 6. How does the accident seem to affect Jordan? Jordan doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem affected by the accident. She acts as if it is just another event in her partying-lifestyle. Nick refers to all of them as Ã¢â¬Å"rottenÃ¢â¬ because they are self-absorbed, uncaring, selfish, and dishonest people. Daisy killed Myrtle and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to feel a thing. Analysis: 7. What has changed about GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s house? What might this change symbolize or foreshadow? GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s house has been overtaken by his dream. He let his own desires corrupt his internal sanctuary. 8. What does the author mean when he writes that Tom looked at Daisy Ã¢â¬Å"as if he had just recognized her as someone he knew a long time ago. Ã¢â¬ He saw the real Daisy, a person that has been covered up by everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s desires. She let people think what they want to feel a part of everything. She let people build up their own reputation for her rather than building it up herself. 9. Why do you think Fitzgerald refers to Daisy as Ã¢â¬Å"the golden girlÃ¢â¬ ? What does Gatsby say DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s voice is Ã¢â¬Å"full ofÃ¢â¬ ? What does this comparison suggest about what really attracts men to her? I think that Fitzgerald refers to Daisy as Ã¢â¬Å"the golden girlÃ¢â¬ because, she was always expected to do everything perfect so that she did not mess up her familyÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation. Many are drawn to the rich crowd even if they disapprove of them, like Nick. Daisy representsÃ material wealthÃ and all that comes with it. These things are class, beauty, comfort and power. Gatsby said that DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s voice was full of money. This shows that she has power over men. Daisy has always had what she wanted growing up in a wealthy home, including her choice of men. 0. How has GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s dream died in this chapter? How has everyone else suffered loss in this chapter? GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s dream leads him to the destruction, of both the dream and himself. Gatsby wants to be loved by everyone. He doesÃ want to have to earnÃ Daisy. He constantly wants to be the center of attention and have a reputation as a pillar of society. He wants to be wealthy and almost Ã¢â¬Å"god-likeÃ¢â¬ . 11. After the confrontational scene in the hotel room, why do you think Fitzgerald has Nick report that he has turned thirty that day? What is ironic about Nick turning thirty in this particular chapter? It shows Nick maturing and realizing who everyonje really is rather than hiding in the background. It is ironic because as one is celebrating life others are mourning the death of Myrtle Wilson. 12. In this chapter, GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s car is described as the Ã¢â¬Å"death car. Ã¢â¬ If his car symbolizes materialism, how does this add meaning to that symbolism? Identify other Ã¢â¬Å"deathsÃ¢â¬ found in Chapter 7. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s dream has become a death and DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s covered up personality has as well. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s car was just a role in this charade because Tom was trying to prove a point to everyone. 13. Why is Nick disgusted with Jordan in the end of the chapter? What has she done or said that irritates him? Nick is disgusted with Jordan in the end of chapter 7 because, he finds out that Jordan was datingÃ another man. Nick did not see Jordan for a long time. Nick is disgusted by the fact that Jordan is spoiled, dishonest, and careless. Jordan wants to win everything at the expense of honesty and trust. Therefore, she makes herself out to be a dishonest person who lies to get what she wants. 14. Chapter 7 parallels Chapter 1 in many ways. One example is the initial setting at the BuchananÃ¢â¬â¢s; a second example is the heat. Identify at least three other similarities. What might be FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose for this parallelism? Three other similarities are. I think that FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose for this parallelism is, 15. How are Tom Buchanan and George Wilson alike? What might Fitzgerald be suggesting through these similarities? Tom used George to get to his wife Myrtle, who gave him the sense of vitality that he longed for, the sense of vitality that Daisy just could not give him. Tom meditated a devious plan to rid Gatsby from DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s life. He purposely took GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s car to WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s garage so Myrtle would see it and think that it was TomÃ¢â¬â¢s new car. 6. How does Fitzgerald draw comparisons between Tom and Gatsby? What might he be suggesting through these similarities? Both want Daisy to be their very own. Being wealthy, wanting Daisy to be their own, and having hostile feelings towards one another. Both Gatsby and Tom strive to be financially successful. Both Gatsby and Tom find their high status in society impo rtant. Differences between one another can lead to negative consequences. They see the bad qualities in themselves and hate each other for it. 17. Compare and contrast the following two images. Identify where each occurs in the story and discuss the meaning behind the similarities and differences. 18 He put his hands in his coat pockets and turned back eagerly to his scrutiny of the house, as though my presence marred the sacredness of the vigil. So I walked away and left him standing there in the moonlightÃ¢â¬âwatching over nothing. 19 But I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t call to him, for he gave a sudden intimation that he was content to be aloneÃ¢â¬âhe stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and, far as I was from him, I could have sworn he was trembling. Involuntarily I glanced seawardÃ¢â¬â and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and faraway, that might have been the end of a dock. In both of these scenes Gatsby pushes away the help of others. He does not want people to see the real him or get too close. Everyone has feelings and Gatsby is hit hard when people get in between him and his dreams. Staring out into the big sky and open world helps him clear his head. How to cite F. Scott Fitzgerald and Gatsby S Business, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Capital Gains Method and Policies for Business Organizations. Answer: Introduction: The taxation law of Australia is one of the worlds outstanding revenue collection system introduced by the government of the country, which is based on the citizenship of an individual of the nation, capital gains method and policies for business organizations. This study will present the brief idea about the residential status based on Australian Law. In the given case, Fred seeks an advice about his residential status based on Australian Law. Ascertainment of residency of Fred for taxation: After analyzing the case, it was found that Fred visited Australia with an intention to set up his own business in the country. He did not mention the duration of his stay before the arrival. According to Australian Law, it is mandatory for an individual to obtain a valid visa for his stay in the country for an unknown period. According to Saad (2014), this type of visa can be termed as Permanent Residence Visa also. In the given case, it was found that Fred has visited the country without his family; moreover, he has obtained a valid visa also. It is not possible to decide whether the obtained visa is Permanent Residence Visa or not. To decide on the matter it is necessary to highlight the requirements of the residential status of Australia. The requirements are as follows: Physically present in the country: According to Australian Law, a person must stay in the country at least for a period of twelve months than only the person is eligible to acquire a permanent residency of the country. In the given case, Fred left the country within a period of eleven months due to his illness. In the words of Schenk, Thuronyi and Cui (2015) if the person fails to satisfy the requirements of the act than the person is not liable to pay tax in the country. So based on the assumption it can be conclude that Fred has not met the basic criteria of the act hence he is a non-resident and could not be chargeable for taxation purpose. Policy of Dual Citizenship: Dual citizenship means a person can acquire the citizenship of more than one country at a time based on the rules and regulation of the nations. In the given case, Fred resides in UK and has the citizenship of the country. To carry on any business in Australia it is necessary for an individual to obtain the citizenship of Australia. Fred has certain investment in France and he receives certain amount of interest from that investment. According to Arthur (2016), the person who earns an income from more than one country, the amount which he earned is taxable under both the countries i.e. the country in which he resides and the country in which the income actually occurred. Based on this assumption Fred is liable to pay tax to the government of France and UK. Australian government will not get any tax on that income from Fred. In addition to it Fred has not decided his staying period in Australia before his arrival, moreover, he left the country within a peri od of eleven months. Therefore, he cannot be termed as a citizen of Australia (Australian Citizenship HQ 2016). Hence, he is not liable to pay tax in Australia. Ordinary income: Ordinary income includes income from all sources except income from capital gains. Income from wages, salaries, bonuses, and so on together forms part of an ordinary income. Short-term capital gain or sale from an asset which is held for a period of less than twelve months are included in ordinary income. It is of two types business income and personal income. In case of Californian Copper Syndicate Ltd v Harris (Surveyor of Taxes) (1904) 5 TC 159 The court has an option to deal with the benefits related to deals and appraisal, which were charged on an individual. In the given case Californian Copper Syndicate (Anon, 2016), the income earned by an individual is to be charged as assessable income instead of income, which can be imposed on a person. In other words, the income which is obtained from carrying on any business instead of any acknowledgment or from any deals of securities than the income might be assessed to charge. Therefore, to discover the income it is important to consider whether the addition to investment is only for improving the quality of business or is it for an operation to achieve the future profit of business. So the motive of an individual should be considered before taking any decision or making any deals. In case of Scottish Australian Mining Co Ltd v FC of T (1950) 81 CLR 188 The company was associated with the coal mining business. The company was framed with a motive to secure resources of coal in the New South Wales region of the country. After sometime, the company stops this business and sold all the land. The company made a huge profit on this sale (Anon, 2016). The court held that income earned in this manner is not assessable as Income from Business because the nature of the business was coal mining. The company was not associated with the business of sale or purchase of land. Hence, not chargeable as an assessable income. In case of FCT v Whitfords Beach Pty Ltd (1982) 150 CLR An individual bought an area for its shareholder to give them the accessability of beachfront. The court in this case verdicts that the income which was earned by the taxpayer would be assessable to Business Income because the materialness of expense which incurred by selling a land was to make profit only. Therefore, it is chargeable under the Business Income of an assessee. According to sec. 25(1) and 26(a) of the Income Tax Act, 1936 assessable income includes: Profit made at a bargain. Income made from the deal of the asset. Profit earned from production. Profit made from undertaking of an asset. In the given case, the taxpayer has directed the matter as an area of improvement instead of accompanying it for the said wages. Therefore, it is not liable for tax. In case of Statham Anor v FC of T 89 ATC 4070 The person acquired some area for cultivating and driving a rustic life. After the demise of the citizen, the trustees sub-divided the area. The area was sold with the help of land specialists. The court directed that the owners of the property were not associated with the profit making business. According to sec.25 (1), the deal does not form part of salary. In case of Casimaty v FC of T 97 ATC 5135 The taxpayer sold a land, which he acquired from his father in the year 1955. The property was sold due to the illness of the taxpayer. It was directed by the court that the deal was not assessable for tax because it was found that the taxpayer has no intention of profit making, moreover, there was no plan to make benefit from the sale. The case is similar to the case of Statham Case. The deal should be termed as an acknowledgement instead of business exchange. The court held that the taxpayer had an inactive role while making any benefits from the said exchange. The transaction reflects the plan of a taxpayer just to understand the area only (Law.ato.gov.au, 2016) In case of Moana Sand Pty Ltd v FC of T 88 ATC 4897 The Company bought an area, which is beachfront facing with the motive to offer sand mined from the said area. The court directed that the company has obtained and acknowledge business benefits from the area, whereas, the Memorandum of the Company expressed that the object of the Company was to buy land packages so that they can offer working from the sand business. It was held by the court that a specific area, which has been obtained for more than one intention, and then the resultant increases marked down of such land would be assessable to impose under Section 25(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act, 1936. As the aim of the said activity was to make benefit and the said game plan was a benefit making plan. In the case of Crow v FC of T 88 ATC 4620 The taxpayer acquired some pieces of land of an area with the intention of cultivating, brushing and developing products over it. The citizen sub-divided the land and sold the same over a time to meet the financial obligations that a person acquired while purchasing the said area. It was held by the court that the transaction carried on by the taxpayer related to the advancement of area increases acknowledged at a bargain on the above-mentioned grounds were assessable to impose. It was held that the aim to convey own business or make benefit would not have been available; the Taxpayer would be taxed because it would be ventured to make planned benefit from it. According to Section 26(a), definitive subjective motivation behind the citizen ought to be considered furthermore genuine arranging which is done throughout the said exchanges. In spite of the fact that the reason for securing a benefit was not the taxpayer's basic role, it will be regarded as a plan to add up to a benefit mak ing an undertaking or venture. In case of McCurry Anor v FC of T 98 ATC 4487 The taxpayer acquired a land and constructed townhouses on it and later on sold the townhouses for a benefit. It was decided that the asset was obtained with the goal of making a profit on the same. The income earned by the person will be treated as an expense under Section 25(1) of the Income charge Assessment Act, 1936. Furthermore, it was held that there was no business venture or undertaking required in the said course of action. However, the Honorable Judge decided that it doesn't make a difference if the endeavor or business wander does not exist, the negligible goal of the evaluation of business is to benefit from the offer of an area would suffice the use of tax collection on the said game plan. Therefore, it was held that if a property is obtained by a person with a motive to make a benefit in the most beneficial way that may introduce itself and the citizen embraces one of the numerous alternatives, consequently making a benefit, he will appropriately be said to do a busine ss/profitÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã making plan. Conclusion: From the above discussion, of residential status of an individual it has been found that Fred has failed the citizenship test of Australia. Therefore, he is to be treated as a non-resident for the country. Hence, he is not liable for the tax in Australia according to the taxation law of the country. Furthermore, after analyzing various cases based on the assessability of ordinary income it was found that all the cases involve the sale of land but the nature of business was different in each case. Therefore, the court gave different verdicts based on the nature of the transaction. Hence, after a brief summary of the relevant cases a person will understand the concept more elaborately. References: Allan, T., 1950. Truth that Sings. By William C. MacDonald. James Clarke Co. Ltd. 6s.Scottish Journal of Theology,3(04), pp.439-442. Anon, (2016). [online] Available at: https://"THERMAL SYNDICATE, LTD." (1949) 21 Analytical Chemistry [Accessed 7 Sep. 2016]. Arthur, G., 2016. Tax files: Taxation duties of executors.Bulletin (Law Society of South Australia),38(2), pp.28-29. Australian Citizenship HQ. (2016).Australian Citizenship Eligibility - Australian Citizenship HQ. Available from: https://www.australiancitizenshiphq.com.au/australian-citizenship/citizenship-eligibility/ [Accessed on 1 Sep. 2016]. Brown, R.H., 2000.Redeeming the Republic: Federalists, Taxation, and the Origins of the Constitution. JHU Press. Hettich, W. and Winer, S.L., 2005. Regulation and Taxation: Analyzing Policy Interdependence.Available at SSRN 525802. Hettich, W. and Winer, S.L., 2005. Regulation and Taxation: Analyzing Policy Interdependence.Available at SSRN 525802. Hunt, J., 2015. South East Queensland (SEQ) Sport Development meetings. John Caughlan, Statham (Gale Ecco, U S Supreme C, 2011). Law.ato.gov.au. (2016).Home - ATO Legal Database. [online] Available at: https://Law.ato.gov.au [Accessed 7 Sep. 2016]. Martin, F., 1991. Audit Power of the Commissioner of Taxation: Sections 263 and 264 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, The.Queensland U. Tech. LJ,7, p.67. Obst, W. and Hanegbi, R., 2016. Small-Scale Property Development: GST Implications.Adelaide Law Review, Forthcoming. Pulfrich, A. and Branch, G.M., 2014. Using diamond-mined sediment discharges to test the paradigms of sandy-beach ecology.Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science,150, pp.165-178. Saad, N., 2014. Tax knowledge, tax complexity and tax compliance: Taxpayers view.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,109, pp.1069-1075. Schenk, A., Thuronyi, V. and Cui, W., 2015.Value Added Tax. Cambridge University Press.
Tuesday, March 24, 2020
Throughout the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s history, conflicts have emerged on how to unite state and federal powers within one system of governance. To date, several controversies indicate how these conflicts continue. This paper examines the current federal issue of the same-sex marriage, its pros and cons, and my own opinion regarding the best power division.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Current Issue in Federalism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Same-sex marriage was once a concern for individual states, but currently it is emerging as a federal issue. This has triggered the debate to shift from the state courts and legislatures to the federal courts with the interest groups looking for the best platform to present their case. Earlier, the federal government was prohibited to legalize same-sex marriage by the Defense of Marriage Act. In addition, state governments were also included. However, as from 2004, states began legalizing it. Relative to the advantages, federal involvement on same-sex marriage can promote individualism. This will help with accommodation of interests of the bigger majority like culture, style, or language (Bond Smith, p. 76). However, state government is better placed to enhance policy positions that are specific to its area and needs of its constituents. On the other hand, federal government formulates policies that cater for the majority in order to create a balance between the states. Next, it will allow for experimentation of various laws and policies across different states. In regard to the disadvantages, federal government involvement in the same-sex marriage has contributed to various challenges. First and foremost, conflicts have erupted between states due to different policies pertaining same-sex marriage (Bond Smith, p. 86). Different states develop their own individual customs and culture pertaining to same-sex marriage. Every time one crosses a state boundar y he or she is bound by different laws and policies. Therefore, it is challenging for the federal government to come up with a strong policy as the states are often divided on the issue. Secondly, this has an adverse effect on the economy.Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The central government is responsible for handling the overall economy although each state has its unique economy. Same-sex marriage faces huge economic disparities, as opposed to heterosexual marriages. Same-sex couples are not legitimately recognized as married couples. In this case, they are not entitled to some of the statesÃ¢â¬â¢ or federal government benefits such as exemption from taxes like the heterosexual couples. For instance, a heterosexual spouse is not subjected to taxation in inheritance cases from his or her deceased partner whereas a same-sex couple is subjected taxation. Furthermore, feder alism has led to the growth of inequality mostly among the minority groups. This leads to mental problems such as stress due to stigmatization. Studies from various states prohibiting same-sex marriages have revealed that the majority of same-sex couples exhibited mental heath problems. This was attributed to minority stress resulting from stigmatization of the minority groups and psychological distress. Moreover, the negative campaign associated with its ban is what increased the stress. Apart from the mental health problem, the ban on same-sex marriage leads to other physical health problems. For instance, its ban is said to have triggered an increase in HIV infection in some states. Finally, the division of power between federal and state government based on confederation is the best. In this case, the federal government receives direct grant power from the states government, but not from the citizens (Bond Smith, p. 73). This would allow for optimum resource utilization and for mulation of policies. As mentioned, state government is better placed to handle local needs. Thus, the federal government would be best suited for international issues and defense. Works Cited Bond, Jon R. K.B. Smith. The Promise and Performance of American Democracy. Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education, 2008. Print.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Current Issue in Federalism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This essay on Current Issue in Federalism was written and submitted by user Tristin Mcintyre to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 6, 2020
Tylenol Cyanide Scare Ã¢â¬â Case Study Analysis Free Online Research Papers In the Case 6-3, Tylenol Rides It out and Gains a Legacy, Chapter 6, was the one I decided to do my case study analysis on, in which I evaluated the effectiveness of communication between this organization and its publics. Based on my selected case study, I will evaluate the effectiveness of the communication between the organization and its intended public(s).This case study is a true story of how seven people died from cyanide put into capsules that people did not realize until too late. The first item on hand is to identify the different publics involved in the case study. There are two in this case which Tylenol (the company) is the corporation and the public which is the consumers. In having these tragedies happen to seven people in the Chicago area. Were cyanide was put into different capsules and resulting in seven deaths. Trying to figure out how to differentiate between the internal and external publics involved. The internal people would be the CEO, Vice Presidents, Upper management, Lower management and all the employees that worked for the company. The external were the customers, media, and special interest groups. The impact the communications had on the intended public(s) was great. Johnson and Johnson came out right and took the credit for all the problems. The company stood up and told people right away what was happing. By doing this and having a great founder that believed in the corporation and being socially responsible for society had a profound a ffect to the public. A company that has high ethics is very few and far between. A lot of companies just donÃ¢â¬â¢t want anyone to know what they are hiding so they try to sweep it under the rug. The message had been communicated greatly effectively because they as the company took on the public and the answers. They had a crisis and showed that they could handle it in any way. Any problem that was thrown at them they could try their best to fix or at least try to do something about it. Tylenol took pride in their product and in their reputation for integrity and having pride in the public. Ã¢â¬Å". In 2001, the crime remains unsolved. All supplies of the product in stores nationwide were pulled off the shelves by the parent company, Johnson Johnson, at a cost exceeding $50 million. After due time and investigation, the product was reissued in tamper-resistant containers, and a sealed package of capsules was offered free to consumers who had discarded the suspect supplies in their possession. The company became a champion of tamper-resistantconsumer product packagingÃ¢â¬ . (CASE 6-3 A CLASSIC: TYLENOL RIDES IT OUT AND GAINS A LEGACY, 1983) In the echoing events When I identified the different PR communication tools and techniques that were used to inform, influence, and motivate the public(s) in the Tylenol case. I was able to find a chart that listed all the forms they used below. They used proactive, reactive, strategic of non verbal and verbal words and many listed below in the chart that I have attached. They used strategic planning, News releases, Company profiles, Newsletters, Video services, Crisis Mangament, Speechwrighting. These came in handy because it was important to get the message out there with minumal distractions. Johnson and Johnson by using and following each one with care was able to have a much better out come then actually though. (Strategic communication process model, 2005) In evaluating the benefits and risks of using these tools is very risky because the scale can swing either way. By using the methods they chosen could have caused them to either go out of business or keep the business they have and get new clients. The company took a big risk with the decision. If it had gone the other way then we might not have Tylenol here at all. I would think that if they lost then another company would have come out with a similar product and they would have had made the same amount of money. The difference between the both is that this PR campaign and Advertising does not really matter does to the outcome in this century. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think that I would have used other tools because I think that they pretty much did what they could at the time. If this crisis were to occur today, how would new technologies, such as the Internet, impact this case? It would have impacted very much. With the use of you tube and my space and the internet you can pracatally get instance messaging right on. This may have prevented so many deaths because if we used the internet there would have been instant messaging and I think we would have hit a lot more people in a shorter period of time. I think due to the time Tylenol did all that they could do. Due to the recent globalization of markets, would the outcome of this case be different if the events occurred today? It may have because the markets are mass media and everyone is on the internet and getting information. We might not have as many people die as we did. The case study was about how Tylenol had the scare with cyanide. It also talked about how seven people died because of it and how Tylenol products survived and they are now even better then ever. In the paper it asked us how we as PR people would improve on the situation and even predict a better outcome. We were asked if we think the internet would improve the outcome or even change the outcome. I think I have answered all the questions to the best of my abilities and have shown how Tylenol handled the situation very well for the time they were in. Not that the time was along time ago but it was before what internet service we have had in this present day of age. In the end I think that the internet would have improved the outcome and may even have saved some life. But what we know now and what we knew then are two different items. We can never go back and change the outcome of such a tragedy. In my case study analysis on, in which I evaluated the effectiveness of communication betw een this organization and its publics. I have shown the effectiveness on the communication on the public and how it can affect the public in different ways. I have achieved my goal in showing how the internet can play a big role in making a difference between PR now and PR then. Research Papers on Tylenol Cyanide Scare - Case Study AnalysisMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductThe Project Managment Office SystemThe Fifth HorsemanAnalysis of Ebay Expanding into AsiaIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalResearch Process Part OneRelationship between Media Coverage and Social andLifes What IfsEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenGenetic Engineering
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
If children are never exposed to risk, they will never be able to cope with risk Give reasons for and against this statement and give your opinion - Outline Example Children have to experience managed risks to develop coping mechanisms. Children that are exposed to risks become more successful in resisting and overcoming life situations that are stressful such as poor performance in educations (Youngminds.org.uk, 2015). Children that are not exposed to free to socialize with various people develop people phobias as they grow, for example, they eventually lack confidence to deliver a speech to a crowd. Children not exposed to risk have of mastery over life control, for example, children whose parents make all decisions are bound to have difficulties in sell control (Newman 2004). Negative consequences linked to exposing children to risks are long-term despite being meant to help children cope with risks. Exposing children to risks such as criminal activities and drug abuse become violent and chronic juvenile offenders (Cho, 2014). Risks are cumulative, and its presence enhances the likelihood that it will emerge, for example, a child born in a family of alcoholic parents has a high probability of engaging in drug abuse (Newman 2004). Risk exposure is linked to various health and mental illness among children including depression. Managed risk exposure to children forms a major aspect of childÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to cope with the risk. Children exposed to risk can overcome stressful situations and accept the real life conditions. However, exposing children to risks may lead to long lasting effects on the development of the child. From my point of view, children are at a better position of managing and developing coping mechanisms in spite of the difficult experiences from exposed risks. Children should not be excessively protected from risks that enhance their coping